The word “sport” comes from the Old French desport which means “leisure”, with the oldest definition in English from around 1300 being “anything humans realize amusing or entertaining”.
Other meanings embody gambling and events staged for the aim of gambling; hunting; and games and diversions, as well as ones that need exercise. Roget’s defines the noun sport as associate degree “activity engaged surerelaxation and amusement” with synonyms as well as diversion and recreation.
The singular term “sport” is employed in most English dialects to explain the general conception (e.g. “children participating in sport”), with “sports” accustomed describe multiple activities (e.g. “football and rugby football arthe foremost widespread sports in England”). American language uses “sports” for each terms.
See also: Game
The International Olympic Committee recognises some board games as sports as well as chess.
Show jumping, associate degree equitation
The precise definition of what separates a sport from different leisure activities varies between sources. The nighest to a world agreement on a definition is provided by SportAccord, that is that the association for all the most important international sports federations (including football game, athletics, cycling, tennis, equestrian sports, and more), and is so the de facto representative of international sport.
SportAccord uses the subsequent criteria, decisive that a sport should:
have a component of competition
be in no approach harmful to any living creature
not trust instrumentation provided by one provider (excluding proprietary games like arena football)
not trust any “luck” part specifically designed into the game.
They conjointly recognise that sport are often primarily physical (such as rugby football or athletics), primarily mind (such as chess or Go), preponderantly motored (such as Formula one or powerboating), primarily co-ordination (such as table game sports), or primarily animal-supported (such as equestrian sport).
The inclusion of mind sports inside sport definitions has not been universally accepted, resulting in legal challenges from governing bodies with regard to being denied funding obtainable to sports. while SportAccord recognises alittle variety of mind sports, it’s not receptive admitting from now on mind sports.
There has been a rise within the application of the term “sport” to a wider set of non-physical challenges likevideo games, conjointly known as esports, particularly thanks to the big scale of participation and unioncompetition, however these don’t seem to be wide recognised by thought sports organisations. consistent withCouncil of Europe, European Sports Charter, article 2.i, “‘Sport’ means that all varieties of physical activity that, through casual or union participation, aim at expressing or up fitness and mental well-being, forming social relationships or getting ends up in competition the least bit levels.”